Sivan is the ninth month of the Hebrew year (or the third month when counting from Nissan). Like all Hebrew months, the name Sivan is of Babylonian origin, corresponding to the constellation of the Twins (Gemini), visible in the night sky during this lunar month. Sivan usually overlaps the solar months of May and June.
The month of Sivan is first mentioned in the Bible:
“On the third month after the Israelites had gone forth from the land of Egypt, on that very day, they entered the wilderness of Sinai.” (Exodus 19:1)
Zebulon was a merchant and a businessman. His role complimented that of his brother, Issachar, who spent his time studying Torah. His role in supporting his brother’s learning earned him a share of Issachar’s spiritual reward for his studies.
Because Yoseph was such a great person, his father Jacob blessed him with two tribes under the leadership of his two sons Ephraim and Menashe (Manasseh).
Sivan’s stone in the High Priest’s breastplate is the Yahalom ( Pearl)
“וּסְפַרְתֶּם לָכֶם, מִמָּחֳרַת הַשַּׁבָּת, מִיּוֹם הֲבִיאֲכֶם, אֶת-עֹמֶר הַתְּנוּפָה: שֶׁבַע שַׁבָּתוֹת, תְּמִימֹת תִּהְיֶינָה.”
Usefartem lachem, mimmochorat hashabbat, miyyom havi’achem, et-omer hattenufah: sheva shabbatot, temimot tihyeinah.
And from the day on which you bring the sheaf of elevation offering—the day after the Shabbat—you shall count off seven weeks. They must be complete.
Feast of Weeks
This holiday is celebrated upon the culmination of counting the “omer” offering from the second night of Passover. It commemorates the giving of the Torah on Mount Sinai. In the Bible it is also called the Holiday of Bikkurim (first fruits). During Temple times, people would bring the first of their harvests to the Temple on Shavuot.
Notable Dates in the Month of Sivan
Birth of King David
Death of King David
Death of Baal Shem Tov, founder of the Hasidic movement